St Albans  Hertfordshire


In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described St Albans like this:

St Albans, mun. bor., city, and market town, Herts, 10 miles SE. of Luton and 20 NW. of London by rail, 997 ac., pop. 10,931: P.O., T.O, 2 Banks, 1 newspaper. Market-day, Saturday. St Albans stands on a hill washed by the Ver rivulet, on the other side of which is the ancient Roman town of Verulamium. ...

It owes its name to Alban, the first Christian martyr in Great Britain, in memory of whom a monastery was erected in 793 by Offa, King of Mercia. In the 12th century the Abbot of St Albans obtained precedence over all English abbots from Pope Adrian IV. (Nicholas Brakespear), who was a native of St Albans. During the Wars of the Roses 2 great battles were fought at St Albans, in the first of which (1455) the Yorkists were victorious, and in the second (1401) the Lancastrians. The diocese of St Albans was formed in 1875. The cathedral, formerly the abbey church, is a large and beautiful building. St Michael's Church contains the tomb (and a statue) of Lord Bacon. The mfr. of straw-plait is carried on, and there are silk mills and breweries. St Albans gives the title of duke to the family of Beauclerk. It was incorporated in 1554; it returned 2 members to Parliament until 1832, when it was disfranchised.

St Albans through time

Click here for graphs and data of how St Albans has changed over two centuries. For statistics for historical units named after St Albans go to Units and Statistics.

How to reference this page:

GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of St Albans in Hertfordshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.


Date accessed: 22nd July 2024

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