Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for WIVENHOE

WIVENHOE, a small town, a parish, and a sub-district, in Lexden district, Essex. The town stands on the river Colne and on the Tendring Hundred railway, 4 miles SE of Colchester; forms, with Brightlingsea and Rowhedge, a member of the cinque port of S and wich; serves as the Colchester out-port, where the larger kind of vessels receive and discharge their cargoes; carries on ship and yacht building, and fishing; occupies a gentle declivity, with a good view of the river; and has a post-office‡ under Colchester, a r. station with telegraph, two inns, a good quay, a custom-house , a decorated English church, an Independent chapel of 1846, a public cemetery of 1858, nationa1 and British schools, charities £11, and a fair on 4 Sept. The parish comprises 1,572 acres of land, and 25 of water. Real property, £5,858. Pop. in 1851, 1,672; in 1861, 1,843. Houses, 419. The manor belonged, at Domesday, to R. Gernon; passed, through the De Batailes, the Suttons, and other s, to the De Veres, Earls of Oxford; and was sold, in 1657, to N. Corsellis, ancestor of the present owner. W. Hall is the residence of SirW.De Crespigny, Bart.; and W. Park, of J. G. Rebow, Esq. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £440.* Patron, N.Corsellis, Esq.—The sub-district includes Brightlingsea parish.

(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a small town, a parish, and a sub-district"   (ADL Feature Type: "cities")
Administrative units: Wivenhoe AP/CP       Wivenhoe SubD       Lexden and Winstree RegD/PLU       Essex AncC
Place: Wivenhoe

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