Rate : Rate of Population Change (% over previous 10 years)

Rates are used to define comparative statistics that can be mapped and graphed. For example, our occupational information includes counts of the number of workers in employment and out of employment, as well as the total number of workers. We then define a measure called the 'Unemployment Rate', which uses the number out of work rather than the number in work, and expresses it as a percentage of the total, rather than a rate per thousand. The descriptive text in the system is defined mainly for rates.

Rate of Population Change (% over previous 10 years)
Rate (R)
POP_CHANGE:over_10yrs * 100.0 / TOT_POP:prev_10yrs
Display as:
Continuous time series
We only present the rate of population growth where we can be sure that changes do not result simply from boundary changes.

In the early 19th century, the most obvious areas of rapid growth were in the industrial districts of Lancashire, where cotton textiles had grown rapidly during the 18th century, and of South Wales. However, other areas also grew rapidly: during the 1810s and 1820s. The fens of northern East Anglia expanded as drainage schemes turned marshes into fertile farmland, while seaside resorts on the south coast developed well before the coming of railways.

By the mid-19th century, the north-east of England was growing fast. Its expansion was driven by mining and new heavy industries. In the second half of the 19th century, the old shipyards building wooden sailing ships on the Thames and the Medway were almost completely replaced by new yards on the Tyne and the Wear building iron ships with steam engines. The very heart of London was starting to lose population, and this trend was clearer by the 1900s. The mining areas of South Wales and the East Midlands also boomed. In the North East and the East Midlands, better mining techniques helped the coalfields move east, where the coal was deeper.

These patterns changed completely in the 1930s, rapid growth becoming focused almost entirely around London. This continued into the boom years of the 1950s and 1960s, but the area of low growth at the heart of the south-east becomes more and more visible. By the 1970s, the region of high growth extended beyond the south-east into both the south west and all of East Anglia. Central Wales and the Scottish Highlands benefited from in-migration which was as much about life-style choices as economics forces, as economic activity became steadily less tied to natural resources. Life-style choices plus the boom in financial services also explain the new growth in inner London, which began in the 1980s and blossomed, especially along the Thames, in the 1990s. The decline of the old industrial areas continued.

Rate " Rate of Population Change (% over previous 10 years) " is contained within:

Themes, which organise the database into broad topics:

Entity ID Entity Name
T_POP Population

Rate " Rate of Population Change (% over previous 10 years) " contains no lower-level entities.